Letters authored in 1906

FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. CHOICE OF CAPITAL SITE. ALTERNATIVE SUGGESTIONS. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, Jan. 2 1906; Feb. 13 1906. With the prorogations of all our Parliaments at the close of 1905 another chapter of Australian political history came to a conclusion. It is still impossible to summarise its contents, for the details of events in Western Australia are not to hand, and the exact results of the session even next door to us in Victoria or Queensland are only partially capable of being assessed. But whatever their records may show, the continuous hegemony of New South Wales is…
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. THE WORK OF LAST YEAR. NEW SOUTH WALES. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, Jan. 8 1906; Feb. 27 1906. The political year in New South Wales closed with a flourish of trumpets, an anti-Federal flourish; otherwise it had proved more effective for party interests than for practical legislation. Mr. Carruthers began this Parliament the not too well trusted leader of a party with a very narrow majority. The first session closed with very frank and unfavourable criticism upon his proceedings from the Sydney Press and with a scanty record of useful work. He carried over to the…
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. GROWING PROSPERITY. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, Jan. 15 1906; Mar. 2 1906. Australia was never more generally and sub­stantially prosperous than today. This is not only true of this State and of Victoria, as was shown in my last letter. There have been seasons which appeared more flourishing, though these have been few. They were rarely larger in their totals, though these were swollen by the expenditure of large sums of borrowed money and by exceptional occurrences. Without unusual events or stimulating injections the comparisons for 1905 are all favourable. Not…
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. ANTI-FEDERAL MEETING AT SYDNEY. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, Jan. 22 1906; Mar. 8 1906. The Anti-Federal meeting in our Town Hall last Wednesday evening was the first fruit of Mr. Carruthers’s protest, and conveys the response of the people of this city to his appeal, though a little suburban gathering was contemporaneous. It was awaited with anxiety by onlookers far and near, because whatever the effect of the move­ment in the Commonwealth Parliament may be, all saw that its consequences would not end with this overture. There was its effect on State parties and…
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. POSITION OF THE LABOUR PARTY IN QUEENSLAND. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY [Jan. 29 1906]; Mar. 17 1906. A prophet rash enough to foretell that Queens­land would quietly accept a Labour Premier in 1906, even if his forecast had been made only two or three years ago, would not have been taken seriously. He might have found himself classed as a satirist or an alarmist, but whatever his attitude suggested his warning would have obtained no credence either in Parliament or Press. Yet today the miracle has happened, Mr. W. Kidston stepping into Mr. Morgan’s shoes without…
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. THE NATIONAL HOLIDAY. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, Feb. 5 1906; Mar. 23 1906. Our national holiday was observed this year with Australian wholeheartedness, but with a scant allowance of ceremony. What there was of that was English. We are miserable copyists in all such matters, and a luncheon with speeches marks the limit of our invention in the way of formal demonstrations. The first settlement in Australia and the foundation of New South Wales are honoured in this same fashion on January 26 each twelvemonths with deadly earnestness and on most occasions deadly…
Tags: Deakin, Reid
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. LABOUR PARTY CONFERENCE. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, Feb. 12 1906; Mar. 30 1906. What we shall do with our Labour Party or what it can do with its growing authority are two of our puzzles today. But are they not also British puzzles?—or likely to become such? We are certainly much less concerned about them than we used to be, and possibly yours will be a similar experience. Our triennial Parliaments make political changes easier than if they had only a septennial limit. Certainly they become easier to measure. In every Australian Legisla­ture Labour members are…
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. THE PARTY OUTLOOK. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, Feb. 19 1906; Apr. 11 1906. While to the cursory observer it may seem that nothing particular is happening throughout Australia, in reality a great deal is going on preparatory in character and gradually defining the political situation for 1906. Tasmania opens the ball with a General Election of little promise un­less much clearer issues are submitted by the Ministry than it has yet fathered. The Legislature of Western Australia meets in May to under­take the businesslike policy upon which Mr. Rason obtained his…
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. NEED FOR A HIGH COMMISSIONER. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, Feb. 26 1906; Apr. 12 1906. State politics seem dull because there are no prospects of change visible at any point on the horizon. There is an absence of sensations and even of the promise of sensations that bodes well for Mr. Carruthers. Federal politics are dull, too, though there the possibilities both of changes and sensations are patent on every hand. The general situation is not clarifying. Ministers preserve a silence either of indifference or of caution. Mr. Deakin’s replies to Mr. Reid’s frequent…
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. ANOTHER FAVOURABLE SEASON. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, Mar. 4 1906; Apr. 16 1906. “It never rains but it pours” in Northern Australia, or, if it does, the fall though recorded is not remembered. From our far western plains up to the Gulf of Carpentaria is a great region to which monsoons come straying from the topics. Sometimes in the very core of the continent, where aridity reigns most rigorously, streams of great width and of considerable depth follow their appearance and flow into the large inland lakes covering untrodden tracts with dense verdure. The…
Tags: Deakin, Watson
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. CONFERENCE OF PREMIERS. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, Mar. 13 1906; Apr. 20 1906. The Prime Minister is to meet the Premiers after all. When they assemble in Sydney on April 5 he will have his opportunity of saying as much as may seem expedient in relation to immigration and other Australian issues that he has at heart. But the Premiers will also have their chance and their say, and may be relied upon to take full advantage of the opportunity. It is to be hoped that both will be the better for the encounter. Nothing that promotes a better understanding between them…
Tags: Deakin, Barton
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. FINANCES OF THE COMMONWEALTH. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, Mar. 15 1906; May 1 1906. The peculiar temporary relation between the finances of the Commonwealth and the States has often been explained in these columns. As I wrote in February, 1905, when summing up the Hobart Conference: “Readers of the Morning Post will not need to be reminded that ever since Federation took place this paper has pointed to the financial relations between the Commonwealth and the States as containing the casus belli out of which would come in due time a determination of the supremacy…
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. GROWING SURPLUSES. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, Mar. 19 1906; May 8 1906. The year, which began with bursting barns and multiplying flocks, has since enjoyed the soaking rains and flowing streams that promise a favourable winter. Fattening herds and moist soil for sowing are now assured. The dry north has been more plenteously endowed than for ten years past, and appears about to return to the kindlier cycle of fruitful seasons to which it was accustomed until recently. These natural gains are no doubt the chief, though they are not the only, causes contributing to…
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. MINISTERIAL CAMPAIGN. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, Mar. 26 1906; May 16 1906. Our journalists are relieved of many apprehensions. The Prime Minister spoke at Ballarat on Saturday evening and relieved as well as disap­pointed them of the strain imposed on their powers of speculation. His career in the Parliament had prepared them for anything. Unstable from the first, it has fallen to Mr. Deakin’s lot to have the deciding voice in each of its crises. The first was created by his voluntary resigna­tion, the next by his attack upon the extreme methods of the Labour…
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. THE VETO IN THE TRANSVAAL. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, Apr. 2 1906; May 29 1906. The Prime Minister’s second speech at Adelaide taken together with its forerunner at Ballarat has diminished the disappointment of his friends but increased that of his opponents. What his purpose may be is only known to himself, for none of his colleagues have broken silence, and his followers from their comments seem equally abroad. The effect of his two utterances is not clear either to the Press, and yet to a spectator it seems clear enough. At Ballarat he was occupied in…
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. THE PREMIERS’ CONFERENCE. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, Apr. 9 1906; Jun. 1 1906. The Premiers’ Conference is now in full swing in this city, and in most respects follows the customs established by previous gatherings con­fined to the States. Mr. Carruthers presides, and the proceedings are in private. But in other respects it differs first in being incomplete and next because its business has been carefully con­cealed up to the last moment. That Western Australia should be unrepresented is serious; that the public should have been left in ignorance of the questions…
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. THE SYDNEY CONFERENCE. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, Apr. 16 1906; Jun. 4 1906 The disparagement of Conferences, whether Federal or State, appears to be a confirmed habit with our local Press, and supplies one more evidence of its provinciality. Both our papers blundered badly when they belittled the Hobart Conference last year. It is true that nothing was done there except to discuss the situation created between the Commonwealth and the States by the financial clauses in the Federal Constitution; but, as was insisted in the Morning Post at the time, this was an…
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. HUGE IRRIGATION SCHEME. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, [Apr. 23 1906]; Jun. 12 1906. The conclusion of a tentative agreement by the Premiers of New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia providing for a dis­tribution of the waters of the Murray is properly accepted as an event of capital magnitude. The Prime Minister, whose first great political enthusiasm twenty years ago was for water conservation and irrigation, is apparently still as ardent in his conviction of its value to Australia, since he pronounces the understanding arrived at the most important ever…
Tags: Deakin
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. IMMIGRATION PROPOSALS. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, Apr. 30 1906; Jun. 26 1906. The last Premiers’ Conference has, as usual, settled nothing finally. It has no power to do more than arrive at certain understandings between the responsible heads of existing State Administrations, who may not survive or may not obtain the sanction of their Legislatures for the agreements arrived at. But nevertheless it has most distinctly helped forward a great many matters by educating public opinion, while the Murray River partition, though only involving three States and but…
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. GENERAL ELECTION TACTICS. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, May 7 1906; Jun. 30 1906. Parliament meets on June 5, that is to say, the Commonwealth Parliament which at present is in the full focus of public attention assembles in Melbourne on that date. The State Legisla­tures will be summoned later, for none of them apprehend a dissolution this year, and all of them rejoice to have the critical eye of the country directed upon their big brother instead of them­selves. Two of those Ministerial transformations to which we have become accustomed in local politics have been…
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. A “CINDERELLA” PROVINCE. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, May 14 1906; Jul. 4 1906. Our pleasant autumn weather has been system­atically utilised of late for touring. The Governor-General has made acquaintance for the first time with the chief townships of the north­west fed from the great plains stretching to the far interior for which they are the railway termini. Orange and Bathurst at high elevations are summer resorts, agriculturally prosperous and enjoying a delightful climate. Dubbo and Bourke, on the other hand, face a torrid heat in January and February, which…
THE LATE MR. SEDDON. AN AUSTRALIAN APPRECIATION. [May 21 1906]; Jun. 27 1906. We have just received from our Sydney Correspondent a letter which, though written on May 21—three weeks before Mr. Seddon died—seems to have been inspired by a premonition of that sad event in Australasian history. Our correspondent writes: The Right Hon. Richard Seddon, Premier of New Zealand, may be called the principal political personage in Australasia. His friends say as much openly and more think so. When a year ago his health caused them the greatest anxiety the mere prospect of his disappearance from public…
Tags: Deakin, Reid
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. A PROTECTION ELECTION CRY. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, May 21 1906; Jul. 13 1906. The Prime Minister has just paid his long-promised visit to Sydney, where it is no figure of speech to say that he is little likely to be recog­nised by the Man in the Street. Mr. Deakin, an infrequent visitor to Sydney, is little visible even in Victoria, and may easily be overlooked in Melbourne itself, where his home is and always has been. Nothing but absolute public necessity drags him from his retirement anywhere, though our newspapers always contrive to convey the impression…
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. THE JAPANESE SQUADRON. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, May 28 1906; Jul. 17 1906. The harbour near the city never looked more beautiful than a week ago, when the half-moon frontage of Circular Quay sparkled with innumerable electric lights of welcome to the visiting Japanese Squadron. On the other side of Government House grounds Farm Cove was filled with dazzling light from the Powerful and sister ships of the British Fleet. The throng of large, brilliantly-glowing ferry boats on their several routes crossed and recrossed each other more rapidly than usual. Few, if…
FEDERATED AUSTRALIA. MR. SEDDON’S LAST WARNING. THE NEW SESSION. FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. SYDNEY, Jun. 11 1906; Jul. 19 1906. The sudden death of the Right Hon. Richard Seddon, of which we heard this morning, came as a shock, but not wholly a surprise. He returned to Sydney on Saturday morning, having transacted business with Sir William Lyne in the train until after midnight. Then followed a very busy day, a farewell dinner, a theatre party and late supper, after which he boarded the Oswestry Grange in the early hours of Sunday morning. He had been living at this rate and under the same…